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Corns, Calluses, and Blisters - All you need to know

Corn, calluses, and blisters are common conditions that affect the skin. They often occur on the feet, though they may occur on other areas of the body, such as the hands.  

This article will address these common conditions and how you can best treat them to heal the skin and get back on your feet! 

What Do I Need to Know About Blisters?

Blisters occur when the epidermis, the outermost layer of the skin, is damaged. Fluid flows into the tissue to protect against further damage, causing a fluid sac. Blisters can be clear, bloody, and occasionally can become infected. Usually, blisters heal within three to seven days. 

There are different types of blisters. These can include: 

  • Heat blisters- Caused by extreme heat and burns.
  • Friction Blisters- Often occur from the skin repeatedly rubbing against footwear or a tool. 
  • Frostbite- Blisters can form on the feet due to tissue damage from the cold, freezing the skin and underlying tissue. Blood travels the key organs, exacerbating injury to the skin. 
  • Skin Conditions and disease- Eczema, chickenpox, shingles, cold sores, and allergies can all cause blisters on the skin. 
  • Chemical blisters- When chemicals burn the skin, blisters can form. 

You should allow the skin to heal naturally to avoid any risk of infection. Some people are tempted to burst a blister to let out the serum under the skin, but that can increase the risk of infection. Within a few days, the blister should dry and eventually peel off the skin on its own. 

If a blister comes off early, keep it clean by regularly washing it with soap and water. You can apply sterile dressings to the blister in an area where there may be consistent rubbing, such as where skin comes into contact with your shoe. 

What Do I Need to Know About Corns?

Corns occur in thickened areas of the body. They often develop as a circle on the bony side of toes and fingers. They can form on both feet and hands, where there is friction with the skin. Corns cause can be quite uncomfortable on the feet, making walking painful. 

Corns can develop under dry and damp conditions (such as the space between the toes) and form hard or soft corns. Other foot conditions, such as bunions, can contribute to the development of corns due to increased friction between the toes. 

There are three types of corns. Vascular corns are supplied by blood vessels and can bleed if cut. A seed corn develops in little clusters on the skin on the underside of the foot. Fibrous corns develop over time and can be painful to remove. 

You can often treat corns with a sterile pad containing salicylic acid. The chemical helps to slowly peel away the layers of dead skin causing the corn. 

In some cases, corns need to be removed by a podiatrist. This is especially important in diabetic patients. 

What Do I Need to Know About Calluses?

Calluses are thick, hard areas of the skin that usually form on the heel or sole of the foot. They can also occur on hands. Commonly they develop as a reaction to ill-fitting footwear over dry skin. Certain deformities of the feet, such crookedness of the toes, can also contribute to the development of calluses. They are more common in younger people. 

Calluses can be treated at home using a pumice stone, which uses soft friction to wear down the hardened skin. Oil-based lotion can also help prevent and treat calluses by softening the skin. If home treatments are unsuccessful, calluses can be removed by a heel pain doctor

Podiatrist in the Miami Area

Where Can I Find a Podiatrist in the Miami Area?

Florida Foot and Ankle Associates have been treating patients for decades, building trust and a reputation for providing the best care for foot and ankle conditions. Some areas in which we specialize include: 

We have locations throughout South Florida, our specialists serving the Greater Miami Area, including Miami-Dade (Miami, Kendall, Miami Beach, Hialeah, Coral Gables), Broward County (Hollywood, Pembroke Pines), and Palm Beach County (Boca Raton).  Find your doctor here! 

If you require podiatry services, do not hesitate to contact us today! 

The material contained on this site is for informational purposes only and DOES NOT CONSTITUTE THE PROVIDING OF MEDICAL ADVICE, and is not intended to be a substitute for independent professional medical judgment, advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified healthcare providers with any questions or concerns you may have regarding your health.

An ingrown toenail is a common condition accounting for 20% of all foot problems in primary care. It can develop in any nails but often affects the big toenails. If you have such a condition, then you’re probably experiencing discomfort, especially when you move around. 

Fortunately, ingrown toenails can easily be avoided and, if caught early, managed at home to prevent further pain and discomfort. But if it has already become infected, it’s time to seek the help of your trusted podiatrist.

Seeking medical care for a seemingly harmless ingrown toenail may seem excessive. But if left untreated, an infection might develop in the affected nail, which can cause extreme pain and mobility problems. Additionally, an infection can cause serious complications, especially if you have an underlying medical condition, such as diabetes or poor blood circulation.

What causes an ingrown toenail?

An ingrown toenail is a foot condition that happens when the corner of the nail grows into the skin of the toenail. This condition primarily occurs when you trim your nails improperly (e.g., cutting them too short, cutting in a rounded shape, or ripping the nail). 

Improper trimming can cause the nail to be irregularly shaped or have tapered edges, causing it to curve and grow into the skin. Other causes of ingrown in the toenail include the following:

  • Improper footwear - shoes that are too tight or small puts pressure on the sides of the skin, causing the toenail to grow in.
  • Toe trauma and injury, such as stubbing or banging the toe
  • Genetic predisposition - some people may be born with irregularly shaped feet or nail beds. These congenital disabilities can cause the tissues in the nail border to grow around the nail.
  • Athletic activities, such as football, soccer, and ballet. These can damage or injure the toenail, thus causing ingrown.
  • Improper grooming and foot care.

What does an ingrown toenail feel like?

In its early stages, an ingrown toenail can feel tender and slightly sore when touched. You can also observe some swelling around the edges of the nail. As the nail grows and curls down onto the skin, pain and discomfort become more evident, and you may also see some fluid build-up in the toe.

An infection will soon follow and cause more pain, especially when you move. Some symptoms of an infected ingrown include:

  • Swelling and redness in the area
  • Yellow liquid or pus discharge
  • Bleeding
  • Severe pain

How to care for an ingrown toenail at home?

It’s important to act quickly and treat an ingrown in its early stages to prevent infection and further discomfort. Here are some safe and effective home care remedies to treat your foot condition:

  • Soak the foot in warm water (with or without Epsom salt) 3 to 4 times a day, preferably for 20 minutes. 
  • After soaking the feet, keep them dry for the rest of the day. 
  • You can relieve pressure by gently lifting the nail's edge and then placing dry cotton underneath. You can change it every day to avoid infecting the area. 
  • Wear sandals or comfortable shoes to avoid putting too much pressure on the affected toenail.
  • Take painkillers like ibuprofen to relieve discomfort. You can also apply topical antibiotics (Neosporin) on the ingrown toenail to avoid infection.

Do these home remedies for at least a week until the ingrown toenail improves. However, you should be careful not to go beyond these home care procedures to avoid further damaging the injured nail. Here are some answers to questions you might have about your ingrown toenail:

Can an ingrown toenail cure itself?

Sometimes, minor ingrown toenails can heal on their own if the affected nail grows above the skin edge. 

Can you remove an ingrown toenail yourself?

Podiatrists caution patients not to remove an ingrown toenail themselves as this will only increase their risk of getting infected. If you pull or “dig” out the ingrown nail, there’s a huge chance that you might accidentally nip the skin, creating an opening for bacteria and fungi to enter.

Additionally, your nail grooming tools are not clean and sterile; they may harbor dust, dirt, or microorganisms that can cause infection to your injured toenail.

Should you cut an ingrown toenail?

If you want to avoid a nasty infection, then NO. You should NOT cut an ingrown toenail yourself.

When to seek medical help?

If your ingrown does not respond to home treatments or if it shows signs of infection, you should immediately seek professional help. Your podiatrist will evaluate your condition and decide what kind of surgical treatment to perform.

Partial nail avulsion

A partial nail avulsion involves removing only the ingrown part of the toenail一the portion that’s digging into the skin of the nail bed. Your doctor will administer a local anesthetic to the toe and then use a scissor or other surgical instrument to trim the ingrown.

For infected toenails, your podiatrist may need to drain the pus and remove overgrown tissues that have developed. They may also need to cauterize or perform a chemical matrixectomy on the exposed nail base to neutralize the area and destroy the remaining nail-growing cells.

Complete nail avulsion

If your ingrown has been a recurrent problem or affects both sides of the nails, then your doctor may recommend a complete nail avulsion. This involves removing the entire toenail to facilitate the normal growth of a new nail for approximately 12 months.

A complete nail avulsion may also be performed with chemical matrixectomy to hinder the growth of a new nail, thus preventing an ingrown toenail forever. This will all depend on what your doctor will recommend based on your condition.

oot and ankle surgery near me

Where to find a podiatrist that performs foot and ankle surgery near me?

An ingrown toenail may seem like a harmless little problem, but it can actually grow into a complicated medical condition if left untreated. So if you have been suffering from such, then it’s time to call in the cavalry.

Florida Foot and Ankle Associates is a leading medical facility in Miami that provides the highest quality treatments and services for foot and ankle conditions. Some of the practices we specialize in include:

And more!

Call us now at 786-662-3893 to speak with our podiatrist about your condition. 

We also have locations throughout South Florida, our specialists serving the Greater Miami Area, including Miami-Dade (Miami, Kendall, Miami Beach, Doral, Hialeah, Coral Gables), Broward County (Hollywood, Pembroke Pines), and Palm Beach County (Boca Raton). 

Click here to find the nearest one near you!

The material contained on this site is for informational purposes only and DOES NOT CONSTITUTE THE PROVIDING OF MEDICAL ADVICE, and is not intended to be a substitute for independent professional medical judgment, advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified healthcare providers with any questions or concerns you may have regarding your health.

Have you experienced significant heel pain in your foot? If so, you may have plantar fasciitis. 

The cause of plantar fasciitis involves inflammation of the band that runs along the bottom of the foot. Patients often experience a stabbing sensation in the heel, usually in the morning. As you get up and walk around, the pain usually decreases. Sometimes it may also be noticeable when you stand for long periods or move from sitting to standing. 

What Triggers Plantar Fasciitis? 

Plantar fasciitis is more common in overweight patients, as well as athletes who participate in activities such as running. ​It is also seen more frequently in people with flatfoot. However, it can happen to anyone even for no reason.

Tension and stress on the fascia (the band of tissue connecting the heel bone to the toes) cause small tears, which leads to plantar fasciitis. 

Typically, the fascia can support the foot and shock when walking. This is not always the case when you have plantar fasciitis, as the fascia is irritate$d or inflamed. 

Other risk factors may trigger plantar fasciitis, including:

  • Age- is it more common in patients over the age of 40.
  • Occupation- Jobs where you are on your feet for extended periods, such as retail work, nursing, or factory workers who stand on hard surfaces for long periods. 

If you believe you have plantar fasciitis, it is essential you get the proper diagnosis. Florida Foot & Ankle Associates specializes in diagnosing and treating conditions affecting the foot and ankle. We have locations throughout South Florida, our specialists serving the Greater Miami Area. Check out our office locations to find the best foot and ankle doctor near you!

What is the Fastest Way to Cure Plantar Fasciitis? 

Most often, patients can heal plantar fasciitis by using conservative treatment options. Treatments include icing the areas where the pain is experienced and stretching the fascia tissue. 

Over-the-counter medications such as ibuprofen or Advil can also be effective in helping with both swelling and pain. 

Participation in physical therapy can also be very effective in treating plantar fasciitis. You will learn exercises stretching the fascia and strengthening the muscles supporting the area. 

Athletic taping can also be helpful for some athletes. Your physical therapist will teach you how to use athletic taping to protect the fascia adequately so it is effective for you. 

How do you get Plantar Fasciitis to go away? 

Other interventions can be effective if you are still experiencing pain while participating in physical therapy. These include: 

  • Wearing night splints

Night splints hold the fascia and Achilles tendon in a lengthened positive overnight, stretching the foot while you sleep.

  • Orthotics

Orthotic foot supports can be beneficial. They are available over the counter but can also be custom-fitted, providing better support and alleviating pressure on the foot.

Before surgery, your foot and ankle doctor may recommend trying steroid injections to help with inflammation and support healing. 

Shock Wave Therapy is a non- surgical option available at Florida Foot and Ankle Associates.  This involves using acoustic shock waves to break up scarring and increase blood supply to the area in an effort to allow the body to heal itself. 

Finally, surgery is an option. The surgeon detaches the fascia from the heel bone. It is only considered after conservative options have failed. Your foot and ankle doctor will discuss surgery if appropriate. 

Can Plantar Fasciitis Go Away on its Own? 

Plantar fasciitis can go away on its own by using the conservative treatment options mentioned in this article. You may not experience relief overnight, but with patience, conservative treatments, and following the suggestions of your foot and ankle doctor, you can find relief from your plantar fasciitis. 

Where Can I Go For Treatment if I Have Plantar Fasciitis?

At Florida Foot and Ankle Associates, we have extensive experience treating plantar fasciitis. 

We have locations throughout South Florida, our specialists serving the Greater Miami Area, including Miami-Dade (Miami, Kendall, Miami Beach, Hialeah, Coral Gables), Broward County (Hollywood, Pembroke Pines), and Palm Beach County (Boca Raton)

At Florida Foot and Ankle Associates we treat a variety of foot and ankle conditions, including: 

If you need a heel pain doctor, then contact us today! 

The material contained on this site is for informational purposes only and DOES NOT CONSTITUTE THE PROVIDING OF MEDICAL ADVICE, and is not intended to be a substitute for independent professional medical judgment, advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified healthcare providers with any questions or concerns you may have regarding your health.

An Achilles tendon injury is a rupture that occurs on the back of your lower leg. It is most common in athletes, but others may also be susceptible to the injury. 

What is an Achilles tendon? The achilles tendon connects the muscles of the back of your calf to the heel bone. A rupture can occur if the tendon is overstretched. Both partial and complete tears can happen when there is an injury. 

If you suspect an Achilles tendon injury, it is essential to see a doctor. At Florida Foot & Ankle, we have several locations for your convenience. 

This article will explain what is important for you to know about Achilles Tendon injuries, including some common questions regarding the injury. 

What are the Two Types of Achilles Tendonitis Injury?

There are two types of Achilles tendonitis; non insertional Achilles tendinitis and insertional Achilles tendonitis. 

Noninsertional Achilles tendinitis occurs when the fibers in the middle of the tendon start to break down, swell and thicken, causing pain. It is common in younger and active patients in sports or recreational activities. 

Source: https://orthoinfo.aaos.org/en/diseases--conditions/achilles-tendinitis/ 

Insertional Achilles tendinitis affects the lower part of the heel. This is where the tendon connects to the heel bone. 

This injury is seen in patients who are both active and non-active but is more common in those who may place consistent stress on the tendon, such as runners. 

How do You Know if You Have a Damaged Achilles Tendon?

When you have Achilles Tendonitis, you commonly experience pain, sometimes severe, that may feel as though you have been kicked in the calf. 

The pain is usually accompanied by swelling near the heel. You may also hear a “popping sound” if the tendon tears. 

You may also notice leg weakness or discomfort when performing daily activities. You might have difficulty bending the foot downward or pushing off the affected leg when walking. 

If you suspect you have torn or injured your Achilles tendon,  Florida Foot & Ankle Associates are here to diagnose and evaluate your injury at one of our nearby locations in Florida.

What is The Best Way to Treat a Sore Achilles Tendon?

Nonsurgical 

In many cases, you can treat a sore Achilles tendon non-surgically. Non-surgical treatment options include:

  • Applying ice to the affected area
  • Resting the tendon while it heals by using an assistive device such as crutches
  • Using over the counter NSAIDs for pain and swelling
  • Rehabilitation with physical therapy

A walking boot may be recommended to keep the foot flexed down properly. It may need to be worn for a few weeks.

Though it may take longer to heal, non-surgical methods usually result in a full recovery so long as directions from your doctor are followed. 

Surgical

In some cases, surgery is a recommended treatment option to repair the torn tendon. The surgeon makes an incision in the back of the lower leg and stitches the torn tendon together to repair the injury.  

Surgery comes with risks, including infection or nerve damage. However, if the procedure is minimally invasive, there are fewer risks and complications. 

Rehabilitation

Whether you have surgery or not, physical therapy is recommended. You will learn exercises to strengthen the lower leg muscles and the Achilles tendon. 

It can take up to six months before you can resume normal activities, but symptoms and pain may continue for far longer without proper rehabilitation. 

Can You Still Walk With a Torn Achilles Tendon?

You may be able to walk with a torn Achilles, but it is not recommended. 

Your ability to walk often is dependent on the severity of the injury. For minor tears, you may notice aching when walking, but a severe tear will be very painful. 

Walking also carries the risk of making the injury worse, so it is important to see a provider if you suspect a torn Achilles. 

Where Can I Find a Heel Pain Doctor if I Have an Achilles Tendon Injury?

When it comes to podiatrists in Florida and throughout southern Florida, Florida Foot & Ankle Associates is considered one of the leading providers.

We have locations throughout South Florida, our specialists serving the Greater Miami Area, including Miami-Dade (Miami, Kendall, Miami Beach, Hialeah, Coral Gables), Broward County (Hollywood, Pembroke Pines), and Palm Beach County (Boca Raton). 

Our practice treats a variety of ankle and foot injuries, including: 

Schedule an appointment by contacting us today! 

The material contained on this site is for informational purposes only and DOES NOT CONSTITUTE THE PROVIDING OF MEDICAL ADVICE, and is not intended to be a substitute for independent professional medical judgment, advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified healthcare providers with any questions or concerns you may have regarding your health.

A hammertoe (also known as a mallet toe) is a toe deformity that occurs when there is an imbalance in the muscles and tendons that usually hold the toe straight. It presents as an abnormal bend in the middle joint of the toe, nearest to the toenail. It most often occurs in the second, third, or fourth toe.

Many factors can contribute to the condition, including the type of shoe you wear, trauma, and even certain disease processes.

If you believe you have a hammertoe, our doctors can help by correctly diagnosing and treating the condition. We have locations throughout Southern Florida, including serving the greater Miami area. Find the office closest to you! 

How Do You Fix a Hammer Toe?

Doctors recommend roomier, comfortable footwear if the toe is still flexible. It may also help to wear shoe inserts or orthotic pads—these help by repositioning the toe to relieve pressure and pain. 

Some simple exercises such as picking up small objects with your toes or crumpling a towel with your toes can help stretch and strengthen the muscles. 

If you have tried conservative treatment without success, surgery is an option. A foot and ankle surgeon may release the tendon and possibly remove a piece of bone to help straighten the toe. 

hammertoe treatement miami area

Should Hammer Toes be Corrected?

Hammertoes should be treated and corrected. At first, you may maintain flexibility in your toe, but eventually, the tendons can tighten, causing the toe to become bent permanently. 

Leaving the toe untreated also puts you at risk for painful corns or calluses as shoes rub against the raised portion of the toe. 

Can You Reverse a Hammer Toe?

With conservative treatment options, you may not be able to reverse a hammertoe, but you can take steps to prevent it from getting worse. First, find shoes that fit correctly. Ensure the shoes you wear offer adequate toe room with low heels and are roomy and adjustable. 

Aside from proper footwear, physical therapy exercises can be helpful. Exercises to help stretch and strengthen the tendons around the toe can enable hammertoe from progressing further.  You can also try splints or taping the affected toe, which may help to prevent further bending. 

How Do You Flatten a Hammertoe? 

For severe cases where conservative methods have failed to stretch out the toe, surgery is an option to flatten a hammertoe. 

Foot and ankle surgeons can use different techniques depending upon the severity of the hammertoe. Options include fusion of the toe, a tendon transfer, or joint resection. 

Your physician will discuss the best foot surgery option for your specific case. 

Where Can I Find the Best Florida Foot and Ankle Clinic?

If you suspect you have a hammertoe, then reach out to us at Florida Foot and Ankle Associates.

Our caring and compassionate staff will be there to support you every step of the way. From routine care to more specialized treatment, our foot specialists are trained in new methods and advanced equipment in podiatry.

We have locations throughout South Florida, including the Greater Miami Area, including Miami-Dade (Miami, Kendall, Miami Beach, Hialeah, Coral Gables), Broward County (Hollywood, Pembroke Pines), and Palm Beach County (Boca Raton)

We specialize in a variety of foot and ankle conditions including:

Do not hesitate! Connect with us today! 

The material contained on this site is for informational purposes only and DOES NOT CONSTITUTE THE PROVIDING OF MEDICAL ADVICE, and is not intended to be a substitute for independent professional medical judgment, advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified healthcare providers with any questions or concerns you may have regarding your health.

If you have noticed a change in the joint of your big toe, you may have a bunion. Bunions most often affect the big toe and cause the toe to incline towards the second toe instead of staying straight ahead. Because it pushes the big toe towards the second toe, it causes the joint to push out. 

Bunions can be painful and keep you from walking and exercising. The good news is bunions are treatable. 

The condition is usually seen in adults. The condition may be due to a problem with the bones of the foot. The type of shoe you wear can increase the risk but not directly cause bunions. 

Though usually seen in the big toe, it can also occur in the little toe. This is known as a “tailor’s bunion.” 

This article will look at what happens if you leave a bunion untreated, the fastest way to get rid of a bunion and if a bunion can correct itself. 

What happens if you leave a bunion untreated?

Several issues can occur if you leave a bunion untreated. Some of the complications include: 

  • Hammertoe: Where there is an abnormal bend that occurs in the middle joint of the toe because the toe next to your big toe causes pain and pressure;
  • Bursitis: A painful condition that occurs when small fluid-filled pads that cushion the bones near the joint become inflamed;
  • Metatarsalgia: A condition causing pain and swelling in the ball of the food.

To prevent these complications, you must see a podiatrist in Florida to treat the bunion before it gets worse. We have several locations to help treat the condition. Find the doctor’s office that is closest to you

What is the fastest way to get rid of a bunion? 

Bunions are usually treated conservatively. The podiatrist will most likely recommend wearing a supportive shoe. The best shoe has a wide and flexible sole with enough room in the part surrounding the front of the foot. Sandals, the right athletic shoe, and shoes made from soft leather are good choices. 

A shoe with a hard heel is suggested to keep the heel of the foot in place. Narrow shoes can be reshaped with shoe stretchers making room for the bunion in the front of the shoe. 

Podiatrists may recommend semi-soft shoe inserts that can position the foot correctly when striking the ground. Splints are also available to wear at night to hold the toe straight and to help to ease discomfort.

You can protect bunions with moleskin or gel-filled pads. These are available at most drugstores. 

If your bunion is painful, short-term treatment options include: warm soaks, ice packs, and over-the-counter pain medication such as ibuprofen. If that is not helpful, the podiatrist may consider cortisone injections to help temporarily reduce inflammation and pain. Bear in mind this is usually only a temporary solution. 

Do bunions heal themselves? 

Bunions are permanent without surgery but can usually be managed using the suggestions listed above. Conservative treatments help to ease the pain and make managing bunions tolerable. These methods can also slow the progression of the bunion. 

Do bunions ever require surgery? 

If your bunion is very painful, then a podiatrist may recommend surgery. It is usually not recommended until conservative treatments have been tried for at least a year. 

If the bunion contributes to other foot conditions, then surgery may indeed be recommended. Having a consultation with your podiatrist is the best way to know if you are a surgical candidate. 

If you are concerned you have a bunion, Florida Foot and Ankle Associates has several locations throughout South Florida, our specialists serving the Greater Miami Area, including Miami-Dade (Miami, Kendall, Miami Beach, Hialeah, Coral Gables), Broward County (Hollywood, Pembroke Pines), and Palm Beach County (Boca Raton). Find your doctor here!

Podiatrist in Florida/Southern Florida

Where Can I Find the Best Podiatrist in Florida/Southern Florida

At Florida Foot and Ankle Associates, YOU matter. Our caring and compassionate staff will be there to support you every step of the way. From routine care to more specialized treatment, our foot specialists are trained in new methods and advanced equipment in podiatry.

We treat a variety of foot and ankle conditions, including:

And more!

If you have any questions, contact us or call us at 786-662-3893.

Find the doctor’s office closest to you. We look forward to working with you to start to heal and get back on your feet! 

The material contained on this site is for informational purposes only and DOES NOT CONSTITUTE THE PROVIDING OF MEDICAL ADVICE, and is not intended to be a substitute for independent professional medical judgment, advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified healthcare providers with any questions or concerns you may have regarding your health.

8200 NW 27th St
Suite 108
Doral, FL 33122
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